Diarrhea in cats is not a disease, but merely a symptom of an underlying disease. You should be aware that persistent diarrhea can cause severe dehydration. Dehydration will rob your cat of essential fluids and nutrients which can prove to be fatal if not treated in time.
There are numerous things that can cause feline diarrhea. Cats who consume something they’re not supposed to may develop the condition. Viruses or parasites that affect the intestinal tract or stomach can also cause diarrhea. There are plenty of diseases that can cause it as well. Some of the most common include hyperthyroidism, leukemia virus, inflammatory bowel disease, and immunodeficiency virus.
Cats who experience a mild case of diarrhea will likely just have loose stool. However, major diseases that cause the condition may lead to other symptoms such as vomiting, appetite loss, fever, and lethargy. The stool may also be bloody. Some cats also experience abdominal pain and the aforementioned dehydration.
It is important for the vet to determine what is causing the case of feline diarrhea. This is done by taking a complete medical history and performing a thorough physical examination. The vet will also have the stool checked for the presence of bacteria or parasites.
Once the veterinarian has determined what is causing the condition, he can begin treatment accordingly. Electrolytes and fluids will need to be replaced in the event of dehydration. Antibiotics or other special medications may need to be prescribed to treat the underlying disease. Some cats may need a change in diet or even surgery to correct the problem.