Unfortunately for the feline population, stomatitis in cats is a relatively common disease. Cats affected by it will experience inflammation and ulcers in their oral tissues. It can be very painful. The cat’s own immune system may be the reason for the development of feline stomatitis.
The system will treat the teeth as foreign invaders and do all it can to eliminate them. This isn’t always the underlying cause though. Cats affected by serious viruses like the immunodeficiency virus or leukemia virus may also experience problems.
As mentioned already, stomatitis in felines can be quite painful. Cats may drool excessively and also find it difficult to eat. Weight loss and anorexia can occur because of these problems. The inflammation and sores in the mouth will also cause the gums to bleed quite easily. Cats may also have bad breath.
Your vet will likely suspect feline stomatitis simply by looking in your kitty’s mouth. Oral lesions may be brought on by other diseases like cancer, so a biopsy may be necessary to ensure their underlying cause. The two aforementioned viruses may also be responsible, so their respective tests may also be conducted.
Cat stomatitis doesn’t just affect the soft oral tissues. It can lead to issues with the teeth and surrounding bones, all the way down to the root. The vet may take an x-ray of the mouth to see exactly how much damage has been caused.
Lucky cats will stop having issues after starting a regimen of medications. Unfortunately for most though, stomatitis in cats is typically difficult to treat effectively. If there is a specific underlying cause, it may be easier. Since a hypersensitivity to bacterial plaque may lead to more severe issues, owners with affected cats will need to clean their cat’s teeth on a daily basis to help minimize problems.
Daily home cleaning won’t be enough to limit the effects of feline stomatitis though. A professional will need to sedate your cat and clean them thoroughly every so often. Many cats will need to take medications like corticosteroids or antibiotics to treat the condition.
These medications usually don’t prove to be effective in treating stomatitis in felines though. The only option may be for the vet to remove most of your cat’s teeth. This won’t cause a major decrease in your cat’s quality of life though, as long as you feed him softer food. Although removing the teeth will get rid of the disease in most cats, some will still need to take medications even after they have been removed.