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Feline Anemia

Blood is made up of various types of cells, with red blood cells responsible for transporting oxygen. Without enough of these cells circulating throughout the body, oxygen won’t make its way to various areas. This is known as feline anemia, and it is an important sign that some underlying disease or condition is affecting your cat.

Feline Anemia

Anemia in cats can occur if red blood cells are being destroyed faster than they’re being produced. The bone marrow may not even be producing them in the first place for some reason. Trauma that results in a lot of blood loss will also bring it about.



Feline anemia also occurs when your cat has leukemia or the immunodeficiency virus. Other diseases like cancer and chronic kidney failure may also be responsible.

The signs of anemia in cats are quite easy to spot if you’re a vigilant owner. The mucous membranes will lose their color. You’ll see the gums turn pale. Cats will also lose their appetite, lose weight, and appear lethargic. The stool may also appear blacker than normal.

If you bring your cat in with signs of feline anemia, the veterinarian will need to conduct a battery of tests since there are so many things that can cause it. A complete blood count will be quite useful to see the makeup of the blood exactly. Tests can also be conducted to check for blood parasites, while a stool sample can determine if gastrointestinal problems are causing issues.

As you should already know, the bone marrow is responsible for producing red blood cells. A biopsy will help see if it’s doing the job properly still. Finding the root cause of anemia in cats is very important so that it can be treated.

Cats that are losing blood may need a blood transfusion. Kidney failure can cause feline anemia since the kidneys produce a hormone that tells bone marrow to produce more red blood cells. Cats may benefit from being given synthetic hormones.

If there are large amounts of worms or fleas infesting your cat, then they will need to be dealt with accordingly. Yet another possible course of treatment includes using antibiotics to get rid of anything that may be infecting your cat besides viruses.

Feline anemia also occurs because of cancer, so chemotherapy may be your cat’s best option. Supportive care may only be possible if leukemia or immunodeficiency viruses are the cause.

Feline Kidney Failure

The kidneys are responsible for removing waste products, maintaining water levels, and other significant functions. Feline kidney failure can be termed acute or chronic. Acute occurs when kidney function stops suddenly, while chronic occurs progressively over time.

Feline Kidney Failure

Causes

Feline kidney failure can occur for numerous reasons. Physical damage or bacterial infection of the kidneys can cause the condition. Cats who consume antifreeze or other poisons may develop kidney failure too. Some underlying diseases such as feline infectious peritonitis also increase the risk.



Symptoms

The kidneys have a large reserve capacity, so your feline won’t show symptoms until the condition has advanced. Once it does, symptoms of kidney failure in cats include decreased appetite, weight loss, vomiting, and a poor coat. Other signs include pale mucous membranes, bad breath, lethargy, and increased thirst and urination.

Diagnosis

Feline kidney failure can be diagnosed in a variety of ways. The vet will palpate the abdomen to check for a change in the shape and size of the kidneys since they may be either shrunken or enlarged. Blood tests can also be performed to check for waste products of protein processing called urea.

Because the kidneys won’t be functioning as normal to get rid of wastes, urea levels will be elevated. Other tests to diagnose kidney failure include x-rays, ultrasounds, and urinalysis.

Treatment

If your cat is diagnosed with kidney failure, he will likely need fluid therapy to prevent dehydration. This also helps to remove accumulated toxins in the bloodstream. These fluids are typically administered intravenously, so your cat will need to be hospitalized.

Symptoms such as lack of appetite and vomiting can be controlled through the use of medications. Cats that experience anemia may be given medications or blood transfusions. You will also need to provide your cat with plenty of fresh water to drink at home. It’s also important that you limit the amount of stress he experiences.