Tag Archives: leukemia

Feline Lymphoma

Lymphoma in cats is also commonly referred to as feline lymphosarcoma. This type of cancer affects one of the immune system’s most important cells, the lymphocytes. These cells are found all over the body, so a range of organs can be affected including the kidneys, skin, gastrointestinal system, and bone marrow to name a few.

Feline Lymphoma

Cats infected with the leukemia virus are known to develop feline lymphoma sometimes. This normally occurs with younger felines. Older cats can also develop the condition, but the cancer isn’t usually brought on by the leukemia virus with them.

As you have already learned, lymphosarcoma in cats can affect virtually any body part. The specific areas that are affected will determine what symptoms your cat experiences. Vomiting, diarrhea, loss of weight and appetite are common signs when the digestive system is affected. If the chest and lymph nodes are affected, then felines will typically have a hard time breathing.

The kidneys are commonly affected to, bringing on signs such as appetite loss and increased urination and thirst. Some cats are unfortunate enough to have problems with the spine, which usually results in weakness and paralysis in some cases.

To diagnose feline lymphoma, the vet will need to examine a sample of the affected cells under a microscope or perform a biopsy. Since so many different organs can possibly be affected, a slew of tests will likely need to be performed too. Some of the tests that your cat may need to undergo include an x-ray, ultrasound, urinalysis, and complete blood count. Vets may also test for the leukemia or immunodeficiency virus since they commonly occur with this disease.

Lymphoma in cats tends to be fatal, at least over time. Chemotherapy is the main method of treatment for cat lymphoma. Radiation is also a treatment option, although it’s typically reserved for certain types of this cancer.

Cats will almost certainly die if treatment isn’t provided. They can have an increased life span with a significant remission time with appropriate treatment, especially if major organs aren’t affected. The best prognosis is provided for cats with gastrointestinal, nasal, or chest problems.

Unfortunately though, not all felines respond to chemotherapy treatment. It is very expensive too. That’s why owners will usually have a major decision to make. Chemotherapy usually produces noticeable results within two to three weeks. If your cat doesn’t respond by that time, then you may want to discuss euthanization with your vet.

Feline Aids

Aids in cats is commonly referred to as HIV or immunodeficiency virus. Whatever it’s called, the disease is one of the most serious since cats die from it. Infected cats spread feline aids through their saliva whenever they bite another cat. Although it’s very rare, a mother may also pass the disease to her kittens during birth.

Feline Aids

Feline aids, or the immunodeficiency virus, wreaks havoc on your cat’s immune system. The virus will render the system ineffective, so your cat will have an increased risk of developing various other diseases.

It can be quite difficult to spot the signs of aids in cats in the initial stages. For one, felines are very capable of hiding illness from potential predators and owners alike. Also, cats infected with the virus may not show symptoms for several years after being infected. Lethargy and appetite loss are two of the most common signs of the initial stages of feline aids. Cats may also develop diarrhea or fevers. The lymph nodes may also start swelling up.

Once feline HIV progresses though, symptoms will appear more serious. Cats start losing weight. Sores and lesions can also appear around the eyes and mouth. Since their immune system is compromised, cats will also suffer chronic infections. The leukemia virus commonly infects cats concurrently with HIV.

The first step in diagnosing aids in cats involves taking a complete medical history. Since cats that are allowed to roam outside frequently have a higher risk, the vet will also ask about your pet’s environment. A blood test is necessary in order to diagnose feline aids. It’s not possible to detect the virus in the blood. However, the body makes antibodies in an attempt to battle the virus, and these antibodies can be detected.

Just because the test for feline HIV comes back positive doesn’t always mean that your cat is infected. False positives can occur for a few reasons. The main way is if your cat has ever been vaccinated for the illness. If the mother passes antibodies to her kittens via the milk, then they may test positive also despite the fact that they’re aren’t infected with the virus.

Just like with the disease that affects humans, there is no treatment for feline aids. Cats can live for quite a few years without showing any symptoms of illness at all. The fortunate ones can live for a decade or so without experiencing problems. Once symptoms appear though, supportive care will eventually become necessary.

There is a vaccination for aids in cats, so it’s best that owners take advantage of it. Since getting into fights with stray cats is a primary transmission method, you should also do your best to limit the amount of roaming that your cat does.

Feline Anemia

Blood is made up of various types of cells, with red blood cells responsible for transporting oxygen. Without enough of these cells circulating throughout the body, oxygen won’t make its way to various areas. This is known as feline anemia, and it is an important sign that some underlying disease or condition is affecting your cat.

Feline Anemia

Anemia in cats can occur if red blood cells are being destroyed faster than they’re being produced. The bone marrow may not even be producing them in the first place for some reason. Trauma that results in a lot of blood loss will also bring it about.

Feline anemia also occurs when your cat has leukemia or the immunodeficiency virus. Other diseases like cancer and chronic kidney failure may also be responsible.

The signs of anemia in cats are quite easy to spot if you’re a vigilant owner. The mucous membranes will lose their color. You’ll see the gums turn pale. Cats will also lose their appetite, lose weight, and appear lethargic. The stool may also appear blacker than normal.

If you bring your cat in with signs of feline anemia, the veterinarian will need to conduct a battery of tests since there are so many things that can cause it. A complete blood count will be quite useful to see the makeup of the blood exactly. Tests can also be conducted to check for blood parasites, while a stool sample can determine if gastrointestinal problems are causing issues.

As you should already know, the bone marrow is responsible for producing red blood cells. A biopsy will help see if it’s doing the job properly still. Finding the root cause of anemia in cats is very important so that it can be treated.

Cats that are losing blood may need a blood transfusion. Kidney failure can cause feline anemia since the kidneys produce a hormone that tells bone marrow to produce more red blood cells. Cats may benefit from being given synthetic hormones.

If there are large amounts of worms or fleas infesting your cat, then they will need to be dealt with accordingly. Yet another possible course of treatment includes using antibiotics to get rid of anything that may be infecting your cat besides viruses.

Feline anemia also occurs because of cancer, so chemotherapy may be your cat’s best option. Supportive care may only be possible if leukemia or immunodeficiency viruses are the cause.