Feline pancreatitis is characterized by inflammation of the pancreas. The pancreas is tasked with production of digestive enzymes and hormones to regulate blood sugar. The condition can be either acute or chronic. Acute cases occur suddenly and unexpectedly, while chronic progresses over time.
There are many different causes of pancreatitis in cats. Some of the most common include injuries, poor diet, and various infections. Cats can also have an adverse reaction to various medications or anesthesia and develop the condition. Diseases that affect the small intestine or bile duct can also cause cat pancreatitis. Other offending infections include toxoplasmosis and feline calicivirus.
The most common signs of feline pancreatitis include loss of appetite, dehydration, and lethargy. If the disease is allowed to progress, your cat may start to lose weight or have trouble moving around. Severe cases that are left untreated can also be fatal.
Pancreatitis in cats can be difficult to diagnose correctly since cats can produce various symptoms. An ultrasound and x-ray can help determine if there is any abnormality in the pancreas. The vet will also need to perform a physical exam, medical history, and a blood test to check for pancreatic enzyme levels.
Once diagnosed, feline pancreatitis is treated via supportive care. Cats can easily experience imbalanced electrolytes and dehydration. Therefore, your cat may need to be given fluids intravenously or subcutaneously. If secondary infections occur, they will need to be treated with antibiotics.
The prognosis of pancreatitis in cats is generally good if the case is only mild. However, sometimes the condition recurs more severely after an apparent successful treatment. Also, cats suffering from other conditions have a worse prognosis. Other conditions that can cause problems include diabetes mellitus or diseases that affect the small intestine or liver.
Diabetes is a relatively common condition in cats. It usually affects older or obese cats, although any cat can be affected. Feline diabetes can’t be cured, but it can be effectively managed over time so your cat can lead a normal life.
Diabetes in cats affects males more often than females. Veterinarians don’t know the exact reason felines develop the condition. However, there are certain conditions that can increase the risk. They include chronic pancreatitis, hyperthyroidism, Cushing’s disease, and obesity. Cats taking certain medications may also develop the disease.
There are two different types of feline diabetes. They include insulin-dependent and non-insulin-dependent. Cats who are insulin-dependent will require injections, but non-insulin-dependent cats may not require immediate injections although they may develop the need to over time.
Diabetes in felines is diagnosed based on a physical examination. Your veterinarian will also need to perform laboratory tests. These tests will show an increased level of sugar in the urine and blood.
Feline diabetes causes various symptoms. They include increased urination, increased thirst, and weight loss. It’s also common for cats to develop a poor coat of hair. Other common signs include increased or decreased appetite, lethargy, and depression.
Diabetes in cats will shorten the lifespan if left untreated. Insulin injections are the most common treatments. There are different types of insulin and different cats may respond to different types. Some cats can effectively be treated via use of oral medications.
There is no cure for feline diabetes. However, cats with the disease can live a normal and healthy life for many years. Cats may even lose the need to receive insulin injections over time. If obesity is the underlying cause, losing weight will help dramatically.
The liver is a vital organ, so any type of disease that affects it is very serious. It performs various functions such as removing toxins from the blood, hormone production, converting sugar, and producing enzymes that aid digestion. Here is a look at feline liver disease.
Liver disease in cats can be caused by various things. They include infections, ingestion of toxins, and anorexia. Other diseases can also cause problems with the liver such as pancreatitis and parasitic infections.
The liver has a large reserve capacity, so signs won’t be noticeable until later stages. Also, since the organ has many different functions, there are many different symptoms of feline liver disease. Some of these are swollen abdomen, jaundice, depression, and diarrhea. It’s also common for cats to experience lack of appetite or develop complete anorexia. Other common signs include weight loss, vomiting, irritability, and lethargy.
Since the signs of liver disease in felines can mimic other conditions, diagnosis can prove to be difficult. Common methods of diagnosis include ultrasounds, x-rays, and laboratory tests. A biopsy of your cats liver may also help confirm the condition.
Since other conditions can cause feline liver disease, they will need to be treated. If the liver itself is the main reason, then there is little that can be done. Your cat will need a diet full of high-quality protein. It is also important that the diet is balanced with minerals and vitamins.