Tag Archives: stomatitis

Feline Gingivitis

Cats aren’t exactly able to brush their own teeth to keep them in good health, which is why the majority of them have oral problems of some sort later in life. Feline gingivitis is one of the most common problems that they suffer from. This condition occurs when there is inflammation of the gums.

Feline Gingivitis

Bacteria is found in every cat’s mouth. Problems with gingivitis in cats develop whenever this bacteria is allowed to accumulate. Bacteria in the mouth combines with old food particles and eventually turns into plaque. If the plaque isn’t removed in a timely manner, then it will turn into yellow tartar.



Cats that aren’t fed a proper diet can easily experience oral problems. Proper nutrition isn’t enough to keep cat gingivitis at bay though. Owners need to care for their feline’s teeth, ideally cleaning them after each meal.

There are various types of bacteria that can cause feline gingivitis. It isn’t always caused by bacteria though, as viral infections can also lead to the condition. One of the most common diseases that causes it is cat panleukopenia.

Gingivitis in cats causes a wide variety of symptoms. Whenever your cat tries to drink or eat anything, he will experience oral pain. Thanks to the pain, many cats stop eating like they’re supposed to and become anorexic. Excessive salivation is also a common occurrence. As the condition progresses, the teeth may start to decay or develop cavities.

Feline gingivitis also causes the gums to become red or swollen. The slightest contact can cause them to start bleeding, so you’ll need to be careful when cleaning your kitty’s teeth. Bad breath is also a common problem for cats with this oral condition.

If you take your cat to the veterinarian with some of these symptoms, he will take note of them and also ask you exactly what you’re feeding your cat. Stomatitis causes some of the same symptoms as gingivitis in felines. Therefore, he may need to take a biopsy of the tissues in the mouth in order to make a definitive diagnosis.

The first thing that needs to be done to treat feline gingivitis is to remove all of the tartar that has built up on the teeth. Owners will also need to start taking care of their pet’s teeth and gums better. Brushing the teeth on a daily or regular basis is very important.

Bacterial infections can easily develop thanks to gingivitis in cats. That’s why cats with the disease are generally prescribed antibiotics. Antibiotic pills are usually less effective in treating these secondary bacterial infections than antibiotic creams or ointments that are applied directly to the problematic areas.

The aforementioned treatments will effectively get rid of milder cases of cat gingivitis. Felines that experience chronic problems may need more advanced treatment in the form of surgery though. It’s best that treatment begins before tooth decay sets in since treatment will be more difficult at that point.

Feline gingivitis can be devastating to your cat’s oral health. This is especially true if it is allowed to progress into periodontal disease. These issues can largely be prevented by regular brushing and occasional professional cleaning. Don’t forget that proper nutrition plays a large role in preventing gingivitis in cats too.

Feline Stomatitis

Unfortunately for the feline population, stomatitis in cats is a relatively common disease. Cats affected by it will experience inflammation and ulcers in their oral tissues. It can be very painful. The cat’s own immune system may be the reason for the development of feline stomatitis.

Feline Stomatitis

The system will treat the teeth as foreign invaders and do all it can to eliminate them. This isn’t always the underlying cause though. Cats affected by serious viruses like the immunodeficiency virus or leukemia virus may also experience problems.



As mentioned already, stomatitis in felines can be quite painful. Cats may drool excessively and also find it difficult to eat. Weight loss and anorexia can occur because of these problems. The inflammation and sores in the mouth will also cause the gums to bleed quite easily. Cats may also have bad breath.

Your vet will likely suspect feline stomatitis simply by looking in your kitty’s mouth. Oral lesions may be brought on by other diseases like cancer, so a biopsy may be necessary to ensure their underlying cause. The two aforementioned viruses may also be responsible, so their respective tests may also be conducted.

Cat stomatitis doesn’t just affect the soft oral tissues. It can lead to issues with the teeth and surrounding bones, all the way down to the root. The vet may take an x-ray of the mouth to see exactly how much damage has been caused.

Lucky cats will stop having issues after starting a regimen of medications. Unfortunately for most though, stomatitis in cats is typically difficult to treat effectively. If there is a specific underlying cause, it may be easier. Since a hypersensitivity to bacterial plaque may lead to more severe issues, owners with affected cats will need to clean their cat’s teeth on a daily basis to help minimize problems.

Daily home cleaning won’t be enough to limit the effects of feline stomatitis though. A professional will need to sedate your cat and clean them thoroughly every so often. Many cats will need to take medications like corticosteroids or antibiotics to treat the condition.

These medications usually don’t prove to be effective in treating stomatitis in felines though. The only option may be for the vet to remove most of your cat’s teeth. This won’t cause a major decrease in your cat’s quality of life though, as long as you feed him softer food. Although removing the teeth will get rid of the disease in most cats, some will still need to take medications even after they have been removed.